Margaret’s Teacher Training Project – Chapter 1


Chapter 1: Effects Of Free Primary Education

This chapter of the research proposal gives a clear description of the problem from global, national and local point of view. It discussed the problem in details in order to address issues concerning effects of free primary education on pre-school children aged 4-5 yrs. The researcher states the objectives, purpose of the study, limitations, delimitations and operational definition of terms and concepts.

1.1 Background Information
Quality in an educational system implies in five key elements namely: learners, processes, environment, content and outcomes. Quality learners imply pupils who do not have developmental delays due to malnutrition in their early years. Quality processes rely on teachers who are well trained and regularly supervised and use child centered methods. Quality content covers relevant and mastery reading, writing and mathematics and language instruction that pupils understand. According to United Nations through UNESCO a conference was held   in Jomitieen Dakar, Thailand where governments and international community committed itself in providing education for all children’s, youths and adults by 2015. The government wants to put resources to ensure that no child would miss an opportunity to explore his/her potential fully through education.

1.2 Statement Of The Problem
Since the introduction of FPE in 2003 Kileva primary school has not been achieving much academically and thus has left many people with many questions lingering in their minds. More worrying is the fact that there are still some children who have not enrolled in ECDE centre’s and those in the centers are not performing well. This has made the researcher to carry out more investigation on what are the effects of FPE on pre-school children education.

1.3 Purpose Of The Study
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of FPE on pre-school children aged 4-5 years in Kileva primary school Voi district.


1.4 Objectives Of The Study

  1. Investigate challenges faced in ECDE as a result of introduction of FPE in Kenya.
  2. Investigate how culture affected the enrolment of learners after introduction of FPE.
  3. To explore effects of FPE on pre-schools academic performance.

1.5 Research Questions

  1. Has FPE affected ECDE learners in Kileva East field primary school?
  2. How did the community receive the FPE program in Mghange community?
  3. How ECDE benefited from the FPE programs?

1.6 Significance Of The Study

  1. The researcher hoped that the study finding will help improve the academic performance of learners aged 4-5 years who have been disadvantaged by FPE.
  2. The research finding will reinforce the importance of finding ECDE education so that there can be uniformity from pre-school to secondary school.
  3. The research hoped that the findings will create a basis for further research on challenges facing ECDE so that the services will be improved.
  4. The research finding will form a basis fro further research on effects of FPE on educational systems as a whole in Kenya.

1.7 Limitations Of The Study
The researcher experienced the following limitations in her course of study:

  1. The researcher lacked adequate finance to carryout the research as she was s elf-sponsored and thus hadn’t enough money.
  2. The harsh climate condition in the area which is hot and dry most part of the year made it difficult for her to move from one place to another especially when collecting data. The researcher had to respond to her professional duties, family obligations, as well as carry the research work tedious and very involving.
  3. Lack of proper record keeping and especially in the pre-school made it difficult for the researcher to obtain accurate information on children school attendance since 2003 because some registers were missing.

1.8 Delimination Of The Study
Though FPE was implemented in the whole country the researcher had to base her study on children in Kileva primary school, Mwakoma Village, Sagalla area in Voi district.

Challenges of FPE were affecting children of all ages from pre-school to standard eight but the researcher had to deal with children aged 4-5 years old.

1.9 Operational Definition Of Terms

  • NUTRITION:-the science of food and its effects on health and growth.
  • PERFORMANCE:-how well or badly something is done.
  • EMOTIONAL:-physiological state and feelings.
  • EFFECTS:-a change that something causes in somebody or something.
  • DEVASTATING:-the areas of ruining completely.
  • DELVED:-to search or investigate something.
  • IMMENSELY:-to a very large degree or very much.
  • GENDER:-it is the state of being either male or female.

Posted on 21/12/2012, in School & Education and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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